Where is the Marginal Investor? A Study by Deutsche Bank Examining the Reaction to Positive & Negative News Sentiment

Deutsche Bank | May 02, 2019

In a recent report, Deutsche Bank took a novel approach to using RavenPack news analytics data for estimating equity positioning based on the time-varying reaction to news flow.

Main takeaway: Marginal Investor Sentiment and Positioning

The key takeaway from the report is that a better understanding of the marginal investor sentiment and positioning can help improve longer-term trading signals, especially when it comes to price momentum and earnings surprise.

Our Chief Data Scientist comments on "Where is the Marginal Investor" Deutsche Bank Study:

The report aims to decompose news sentiment to detect crowded long and short stocks by evaluating relative price moves against positive and negative events. They examine a pure sentiment-based strategy which produced a low-turnover long-short annualized return of 7% in Australia and Europe, 5% in Asia ex Japan, and 3% in the US. Perhaps more interestingly, they examine an augmented momentum strategy using this sentiment signal, as well as incorporating a crowdedness metric into earnings-based strategies.

While much of the substance that the report seeks to test seems intuitive, working through hundreds of thousands of news articles that hit the tape every day is untenable for a fundamental analyst. The approach DB took is interesting, in part, for its effort to estimate the more subtle effects of positioning and crowding to be incorporated into an investment strategy, rather than trading on the sentiment signal alone.

The following illustrative charts from the report help demonstrate the main goal:

Where is The Marginal Investor

General intuition holds that price performance, in excess of factor returns, would be symmetric around the origin (left chart). However, observed price action shows that this is not always the case. We observe that, at times, certain assets don’t react to news the way we would expect them to. Namely, the reaction to good news is often outsized relative to reactions to bad news and vice versa.

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